Breed Standard - Kennel Club 11/87

Belgian Shepherd Dog

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium-sized dog, well proportioned, intelligent, attentive, hardy and alert.

CHARACTERISTICS : With fine proportions and proud carriage of head, conveying an impression of graceful strength. Not only a sheep dog, but a guard dog.  

TEMPERAMENT : Wary, neither timid, nervous nor aggressive.  

HEAD & SKULL : Head finely chiselled, long but not excessively so. Skull and muzzle roughly equal in length with at most slight bias in favour of muzzle, giving impression of a balanced whole. Skull of medium width in proportion to length of head , forehead flat, centre line not very pronounced; in profile, parallel to imaginary line extending muzzle line. Muzzle of medium length tapering gradually towards the nose. Nose black, well-flared nostrils. Moderate stop. Arches above eyes not prominent, muzzle finely chiselled under eyes. Cheeks spare, quite flat but well-muscled.  

EYES : Medium size, neither protruding nor sunken, slight almond shaped, preferably dark brown; black rimmed eyelids. Direct, lively and enquiring look.  

EARS : Distinctly triangular appearance, stiff and erect, set high, moderate length with external ear well rounded at base.

MOUTH : Wide, lips thin-textured, very firm, strongly pigmented. Strong white teeth firmly set in well developed jaws. Scissor bite, i.e. Upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Pincer bite tolerated.  

NECK : Very supple. Neck slightly elongated, well muscled and without dewlap, broadening slightly towards shoulders. Nape very slightly arched.  

FOREQUARTERS : Withers distinct, strongly boned throughout with wiry powerful muscle structure. Shoulder blades long and oblique, firmly attached, flat, forming such angle with humerus, as to enable elbows to work easily. Forelegs long, well muscled, parallel. Pasterns strong and short. Carpus clearly defined. Dewclaws permissible.  

BODY : Body powerful but elegant. In males, length from point of shoulders to point of buttocks approximately equal to height at withers. In females slightly longer. Chest deep and well let down. Ribs moderately sprung. Upper line of body straight, broad and powerfully muscled. Belly moderately developed neither drooping nor unduly cut up continuing lower line of chest in a graceful curve. Rump very slightly sloping, broad but not excessively so. Skin springy but quite taut over whole body. All external mucous membranes highly pigmented.  

HINDQUARTERS : Well-muscled and powerful. Good but not excessive angulation; hocks well let down. Viewed from behind, legs parallel. Dewclaws to be removed.  

FEET : Toes arched, very close together; soles thick and springy with large dark claws. Forefeet round. Hindfeet slightly oval.  

TAIL : Tail firmly set, strong at the base, of medium length. When at rest, hangs down, with tip slightly bent backward at level of hock; when moving it should lift accentuating curve towards tip, never curled, nor bent to one side. Tip may be carried slightly higher than topline.

GAIT/MOVEMENT : Brisk, free and even.  

SIZE : Ideal height: Dogs 61 - 66 cms ( 24 - 26 ins ); Bitches 56 - 61 cms 

( 22 - 24 ins ) Weight, in proportion to size.  

Groenendael  

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COAT : Outer coat long, straight and abundant. Texture of medium harshness. Not silky nor wiry. Undercoat  extremely dense. Hair shorter on head, outside ears and lower part of legs. Opening of ear protected by hair. Hair especially abundant, ruff-like around neck, particularly in males. Fringe of long hair down back of forelegs, long and abundant hair evident on hindquarters and tail. Males longer coated than females.  

COLOUR : Black or black with limited white as follows: small to moderate patch or strip on chest, between pads of feet and on tips of hind toes. Frosting (white or grey) on the muzzle.  

Laekenois

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COAT : Harsh, wiry dry, and not curly. Any sprinkling of fluffy fine hair in locks in rough coat is undesirable. Length of coat about 6 cms (2.5 ins) on all parts of the body. Hair around the eyes but not to obscure them. Muzzle hair not so long as to make head appear square or heavy. Tail not plumed.  

COLOUR : Reddish fawn with black shading, principally in muzzle and tail.  

Malinois

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COAT : Hair very short on head, exterior of ears and lower parts of legs. Short on rest of body, thicker on tail and around neck where it resembles a ridge or collar, beginning at base of ear and extending to throat. Hindquarters fringed with long hair. Tail thick and bushy. Coat thick, close of good firm texture with woolly undercoat, neither silky nor wiry.  

COLOUR : All shades of red, fawn, grey with black overlay. Coat characteristically double pigmented, wherein tip of each light coloured hair is blackened. On mature males this blackening especially pronounced on shoulders, back and rib sections. Black mask on face, not extended above line of eyes, and ears mostly black. Tail should have a darker or black tip. Small to moderate patch or strip on chest, between pads of feet and on tips of hind toes. Frosting (white or grey) on the muzzle. Beyond the age of 18 months a washed out colour or colour too black undesirable.  

Tervueren

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COAT : Outer coat long, straight and abundant. Texture of medium harshness. Not silky nor wiry. Undercoat extremely dense. Hair shorter on head, outside ears and lower part of legs. Opening of ear protected by hair. Hair especially abundant, ruff-like around neck, particularly in males. Fringe of long hair down back of forelegs, long and abundant hair evident on hindquarters and tail. Males longer coated than females.

COLOUR : All shades of red, fawn, grey with black overlay. Coat characteristically double pigmented, wherein tip of each light coloured hair is blackened. On mature males this blackening especially pronounced on shoulders, back and rib sections. Black mask on face, not extended above line of eyes, and ears mostly black. Tail should have a darker or black tip. Small to moderate patch or strip on chest, between pads of feet and on tips of hind toes. Frosting (white or grey) on the muzzle. Beyond the age of 18 months a washed out colour or colour too black undesirable.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

NOTE : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

WBEL/ycr  11/87  K C 1987 Copyright Kennel Club London.