Making hand creams offers the following therapeutic benefits:
· Lubricates the skin
· Corrects skin imbalances
· Reduces skin blemishes and 'aging' spots
· Strengthens the nails
· Stimulates nail growth
· Reduces cuticle imbalances

Prepare by setting out all equipment and ingredients needed.
Close doors and windows, as the essential oils evaporate quickly and draft exposure needs to be minimized.
Engage the telephone answering machine, as no calls can be taken or interruptions allowed once the essential oils are added to the mixture.

Equipment needed:
500g aqueous cream (fragrance free)
5 x 100ml (or 10 x 50ml) amber glass jars
glass mixing bowl
electric beater (I use a fork when mixing for single jars)
metal teaspoon
measuring spoons (1ml, 2ml, 2.5ml, 5ml, 10ml, 20ml)
paper towels (to wipe jars clean)
essential oils (as selected)
carrier oils (as selected)

Procedure: (for 500ml)
1. Spoon aqueous cream into the glass mixing bowl
2. Add carrier oil (50ml carrier oil (10%) per 500g aqueous cream)
3. Mix well
4. Add essential oils
5. Mix well but mix quickly without interruption
6. Use the metal teaspoon and swiftly fill the jars
7. After each jar is filled, close lid to prevent evaporation
8. Wipe jars clean with paper towel
9. Label jars

Procedure: (for 50/100ml)
1. Half fill the glass jar with aqueous cream
2. Add carrier oil (see recipe)
3. Mix well using the handle of a teaspoon
4. Add essential oils (see recipe below)
5. Mix well but mix quickly without interruption
6. Fill the glass jar with aqueous cream to just below the neck
7. Mix well again
8. Close lid to prevent evaporation
9. Wipe jars clean with paper towel
10. Label jars if necessary

Note: It is important to mix the carrier oils with the aqueous cream first as they are not volatile (do not evaporate quickly). Once the essential oils are added, the mixing must be completed swiftly and without interruption, as the valuable chemical constituents will disperse into the air rapidly.





(100 ml jar)

10 ml almond carrier oil (or evening primrose carrier oil)
20 drops carrot carrier oil (cell regenerating/rejuvenating, promotes healing and reduces scar tissue, has Vitamin A, orange colour)

10 drops bergamot essential oil
10 drops clary sage essential oil
5 drops geranium essential oil
10 drops neroli essential oil
15 drops lavender essential oil

Buy the best essential oils available and don't use any more drops than given above.
Halve all quantities if using a 50ml jar

Properties of the Essential Oils

Citrus auranticum ssp. bergamia Rutaceae
EFFECTS: stomachic; antispasmodic; cephalic; antibiotic; anti-inflammatory; antiseptic; febrifuge; appetite stimulant; cicatrizant; digestive stimulant; bactericide; parasiticide; relaxant; sedative; tonic; nerve tonic; uplifting; refreshing
WARNING: Avoid exposure to sunlight; phototoxic. Not for those with very sensitive or fair skins. Only use, 5-1% dilutio
n in base oil.
PLANT: Asia; now Italy, Tree; 5m high; fruit like miniature oranges; white flowers; thorny branches; peel of fruit.
OIL: hand expression, peel green to olive green, fruity; fresh; citrussy; almost universally liked.Cultivated today in the Ivory Coast (not very successfully), Southern Italy (at Bergamot) and the Canary Islands, where it is believed that Christopher Columbus introduced it. An ingredient in Hungary water; Flavourant in Earl Grey tea. Bergamot is a hybrid of bitter orange and lemon. Tests in Psychiatric hospitals show that bergamot acts on the hypothalamus.

Salvia sclarea Labiatae
EFFECTS: antidepressant; stimulating; regenerating; antiseptic; relaxing; balancing; inspiring; revitalizing; aphrodisiac; antispasmodic; bactericide; hormonal; nerve tonic; galactagogue; sedative; warming; soothing.
WARNING: Can induce vivid dreams; do not drink alcohol after use; avoid during pregnancy; never take orally with any medication that contains iron.
PLANT: Italy; Syria; S France. Herb; to 3ft tall; tall flower spikes; hairy leaves; flowers blue, violet, lilac, pink; whorls from terminal racemes.
OIL: steam distilled, flowering tops and leaves clear; colourless; nutty; hay-like; warm; sweet; retsina-like. The name is thought to derive from the Latin clarus meaning 'clear', and was widely used to clear foreign bodies from the eyes. The oil was used in Germany to make clary wine out of inferior wines, due to its euphoric effects. Russia is now one of the largest suppliers of this plant. The plant used to be cultivated only in France for the oil.
Top-middle note

Pelargonium graveolens; Pelargonium asperum; Podorantissmum Geraniaceae
EFFECTS: antidepressant; regenerative; circulation stimulant; balancing; astringent; analgesic; anticoagulant; antifungal; antiseptic; digestive; tonic; anti?inflammatory; cicatrizant; antispasmodic; hormonal; lymph gland stimulant; refreshing; relaxing; diuretic
WARNING: Avoid in pregnancy
PLANT: South Africa, herb
OIL: steam distilled, plant; stalks; leaves; flowers; flowering tops greenish sweet; distinctive; green
There are over 700 species of this plant, but only two are used for aromatherapy. Pelargoniums were introduced to Europe in the 17th century. Reunion, France, Morocco and China produce the oil. Nicholas Culpepper used it as a haemostat and to all green wounds and ulcers.

Citrus auranticum amara; Citrus bigardia Rutaceae
EFFECTS: antiseptic; bactericide; balancing; hypotensive; relaxing; nerve tonic; antispasmodic
PLANT: China; Seville orange and the bitter orange are names given to this tree; white
OIL: enfleurage; steam distilled, orange flowers thick; deep brown
The tree is widely cultivated in the Mediterranean area. It takes 1 ton of handpicked blooms to yield 1kg of oil. It is thought the oil was named after a princess of Neroli who loved the fragrance so much, that she scented her bath water and all her clothes with it. It has been used in bridal headdresses for centuries because the scent was said to calm the bride's nerves.
Base Note

Lavandula augustifolia; Lavandula officinalis Labiatae
EFFECTS: analgesic; anti-allergic; bactericide; anticoagulant; antiseptic; softening; anti-pruritic; anti-inflammatory; antispasmodic; cicatrizant; hypotensive; relaxing;
sedative; tonic Therapeutic; refreshing; rejuvenating

WARNING: Avoid in pregnancy
PLANT: Mediterranean, herb; evergreen; mauve flowers, silver leaves; fragrant shrub native to Southern Europe. The oil glands are in tiny star-shaped hairs that cover the flowers, leaves and stems.
OIL: steam distilled, flowering tops, distilled in the fields where they are grown.
Commercially grown in France, Spain, Bulgaria, Russia. Used for centuries, as a perfume, and antidote to snake venom, as an insect repellant. Queen Elizabeth drank lavender tea for migraines. 100 kg flowers needed for 5-600g of oil.

Recipe and text adapted from "Aromatherapy for Natural Health and Beauty"
(1st edition) by Cecilia Salvesen
Published by Salvesen Publishers, South Africa 2000

Also visit http://www.naturalhealthandbeauty.co.za