Important Dates in South African history : 1800 - 1849

[Up to 1799] [1800 - 1849] [1850 - 1899] [1900 to present]

1800
First printing press in Cape Town
1800
Government Gazette started
1800's
Succession of frontier wars erupt as Xhosa resist colony's eastward expansion
1800
Official expedition of Truter, Somerville, Barrow and Daniell, with missionaries Jan Matthys Kok and William Edwards, reaches Dithakong
1801
William Anderson established mission at Aakaap and then Klaarwater (later Griquatown)
1801
Khoisan spelling book printed by LMS
1801
20 Apr - Lt Gov Dundas appointed Governor
1802
18 Feb - Jan Willem Janssens appointed Governor under Batavian (Bataafsck)
Government ??
1803
1 March - Batavian Republic (Netherlands) takes over the Cape from Britain
1804
Uitenhage founded
1804-6
Heinrich Lichtenstein travels to Dithakong
1805
10 January - British retake Cape following outbreak of Napoleonic Wars
1806
10 Jan - Sir David Baird appointed Governor
1806
First regular inland postal service
1806
LMS station at Warmbad, Great Namaqualand
1807
British ban slave trade, importation of slaves to the Cape ends
1807
17 Jan - Lt Gen Grey appointed Governor
1807
22 May - Du Pre, Duke (Graaf ) of Caledon appointed Governor
1808
Clanwilliarn founded
1809
Severe drought in eastern frontier
1809
Gola's Xhosa community settles at Pramberg
1810
Montshiwa of Rolong born
1811-12
William John Burchell travels in the interior
1811
Caledon and George founded
1811
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in Caledon
1811
Regular circuit courts introduced
1811
5 Jul - Lt Gen Grey appointed Governor
1811
6 Sep - Sir John Francis Cradock appointed Governor
1811-12
Forth Frontier War between Xhosa and whites
1812
Cradock and Grahamstown founded
1812
Molehabangwe of Tlhaping died; succeeded by son Mothibi
1813
Revd John Campbell conducts mission inspection in the interior
1813
Adam Kok's people assert the name Griqua
1813
Court proceedings opened to the public
1813
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in George (seceded from Swellendam)
1813 ??
20 February - British Governor introduces a policy of Anglisising which leads to a Boere Rebellion
1813
2 Nov - Lord Charles Henry Somerset appointed Governor
1814
The Cape Colony is formally ceded to Britain
1814
Mail packet service started between Britain and the Cape
1814-26
Lord Charles Henry Somerset (1767-1831), first British governor of the Cape Colony
1815
Slagter's Nek Rebellion
1816
Wesleyan Mission to Nama at Leliefontein
1816
Missionaries Read and Hamilton, with Hendriks, Kakkerlak and Sedras establish Kuruman Mission (LMS)
1817
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in Uitenhage
1817
Approximately 200 Scottish artisan immigrants brought to Cape by Benjamin Moodie
1818
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in Cradock
1818
Settlement of land beyond Orange River
1818
Beaufort West founded
1818-19
Fifth Frontier War between Xhosa and whites - Grahamstown attacked
1819
Dutch Reformed Church congregations founded in Beaufort West and Somerset West
1820
Port Elizabeth named by Sir Rufane Donkin
1820
Worcester founded
1820
James Read produces first book in Setswana
1820
Andries Waterboer elected Griqua Captain at Griquatown
1820-21
Approximately 5000 British settlers arrive in Algoa Bay (PE) as part of the 1820 Settlers immigration scheme and are settled in the Eastern Cape
1821
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in Worcester
1821
Robert Moffat, in Namaqualand from 1817, moves to Kuruman
1822-28
English becomes the official language of the Cape Colony
1823
Approximately 146 Irish settlers brought to the Cape by John Ingram
1823
Difaqane (1820's) Battle of Dithakong - Manthatisi repulsed by Tlhaping with help from Griquas. Tswana to north and east heavily disrupted by Difaqane raids
1824
Bergenaar rebellion
1824
Construction of road through Fransch Hoek Pass
1824
First Synod of the Dutch Reformed Church
1824
Mission station at Lovedale founded
1824
First lighthouse opened
1824
George Thompson travels inland - naming Augrabies Falls "Cataract of King George"
1824
The Zulu chief Shaka "granted, made over and sold" Port Natal to Farewell and his companions
1825
10 October - Birth of Paul Kruger, President of the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek
1825
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in Somerset East
1825
First steamship in Table Bay
1825
Depreciated rix dollar converted into British sterling
1825
The Anglican St. Mary's Collegiate Church started in Port Elizabeth
1825
The Jubilee Park Cemetery in Uitenhage in use circa 1825
1826
Dutch Reformed Church congregations founded in Clanwilliam, Colesberg,Durbanville and Tijgerberg
1826
Adam Kok II establishes Philippolis Griqua Captaincy
1828
Circa 1828, the Union Chapel (London Missionary Society - i.e. Congregational) in Port Elizabeth is founded, records start in 1831
1828
St. Mary's Cemetery started in Port Elizabeth circa 1828
1830
Full civil privileges granted to Roman Catholics in the Cape
1830
Colesberg founded
1830
Road over Sir Lowry's Pass opened
1830
Moffat's printing press transported to Kuruman by ox wagon
1831
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in Albany
1831
First publication of De Zuid Afrikaan (ons Land)
1831
First issue of Grahamstown Journal
1833
Dutch Reformed Church parish in Piquetberg
1833
Slavery is abolished throughout the British Dominions
1833-39
Approximately 750 juveniles brought to the Cape as apprentices
1834
The Anglican St. John's Church is built in Bathurst, but its burial records go back to 1823
1834
King William's Town founded
1834
Berlin Mission Society establishes station at Bethulie, and out-station among Korana at Pniel in 1845
1834
"Kommissie" treks from Cape begins
1834
Port Natal renamed Durban
1834
1 December - Slaves officially freed but apprenticed for 4 years
1834-5
Andrew Smith with artist Charles Davidson Bell travels in the interior
1835-6
Louis Trichardt, Hans van Rensburg and Andries Potgieter trek north
1836
The Great Trek has reached the Transvaal and the Free State areas
1836
Potgieter's trekkers defeat Ndebele at the Battle of Vegkop
1836
James Alexander travels through Namaqualand
1836
2 December - First Voortrekker-government established under Gerrit Maritz
1837
Piet Retief publishes his "Manifesto"
1837
Andries Potgieter and Piet Uys, helped by Rolong and Griqua tribes,defeat Ndebele at Mosega
1837
Louis Trichardt arrives in Lourenco Marques
1837
Separate administrative districts granted to Port Elizabeth, Cradock and Colesburg
1837
28 March - Piet Retief and his "trek" leaves the Cape Colony
1838
February - Piet Retief and his people are murdered by Dingaan's soldiers at Dingaan's kraal and Weenen ????
1838
Russell Road (Hyman's kloof) Cemetery established in Port Elizabeth
1838
Pietermaritzburg founded in 1838
1838
4 December - British occupies Port Natal
1838
16 December - Battle of Blood River fought. Victory by Boers against the Zulus
1838
22 December - First Boere-town of Potchefstroom established
1838-9
The Great Trek
1839
Dutch Reformed Church congregations founded in Bredasdorp and Riversdale
1839
First issue of Grahamstown Journal
1839
Founding of Republiek Natalia
1840
16 October - Potchefstroom, Winburg and Natalia unifies as a single Boerestaat
1840
The Anglican St. Katherine's Church is founded in Uitenhage
1840
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded in Wellington
1840's
Expansion of commercial wool farmers in Karoo transforms colonial economy. Pedi migrate to work on Cape farms
1841
Circa 1841, the Methodist Church founded in Port Elizabeth
1841
Trekkers council set up in Potchefstroom
1841
Missionary David Livingstone arrives in South Africa - proceeds to Kuruman before journeying through Central Africa
1842
Dutch Reformed Church parish founded in Prince Albert
1842
Dick King's ride from Durban to Grahamstown
1842-43
War between the British and the Boers in Natal
1843
Natal annexed as a British Colony
1843
Dutch Reformed Church parish founded in Richmond
1844
April - Boers from Natal settle at Potchefstroom, after crossing the Drakensberg Mountains
1844
Hendrik Potgieter settles at Delagoa Bay
1844
Access to land is changed from leasehold to free hold
1844
Victoria West established
1845
Mothibi of Tlhaping dies
1845
Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded at Mossel Bay (seceded from George)
1845
Ohrigstad founded
1845
Natal becomes autonomous district of Cape Colony
1845
Battle of Zwartkoppies
1846
Dutch Reformed Church parish founded in Burgersdorp
1846
Bloemfontein founded
1846-48
Seventh Frontier War between Xhosa and whites. This war was also known as the War of the Axe
1846-47
Approximately 103 settlers arrive in Port Elizabeth from war-torn Buenos Aires,Argentina
1846-54
Orange River Sovereignty
1847
Dutch Reformed Church parish founded in Calvinia
1847
Opening of Montagu Pass
1847
Sugar cane plantations started in Natal
1847
East London founded
1847
Districts of Victoria East and British Kaffraria annexed as part of the Cape Colony
1847
Colonial boundary extended to Orange River
1847
Rhenish Missionary Christoph Alheit moves to Schietfontein (Carnarvon)
1848
Battle of Boomplaats
1848
Dutch Reformed Church parish founded in Napier
1848
Soutpansberg (later Schoemansdal) founded
1848
3 February - Freestate annexed by British under Sir Harry Smith
1848
23 March - Approximately 163 German settlers, known as the Bergthiel Settlers, arrive in Natal
1848-54
Orange River Sovereignty
1849
Circa 1849 the first Jewish Congregation founded in Cape Town
1849-50
The Byrne Settlers arrive in Natal